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Federal Action: The Clean Water Act

Under the federal Clean Water Act (CWA), cooling water intake structures at power plants and other industrial facilities must be regulated in a manner nearly identical to pollutant discharges. Under CWA section 316(b), cooling water intakes require a National Pollutant Elimination System (NPDES) permit, and the U.S. EPA must adopt nationally uniform technology-based standards for state permit writers to include into these permits. These standards must require the best technology available (BTA) to minimize environmental impacts from cooling water intake structures.

  • Entergy Corp. v. Riverkeeper: The U.S. Surpreme Court Case

  • Ruling addresses EPA’s use of cost-benefit analysis

  • Documents

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