Additional Resources

“How Is the Water?: Sewage Contamination in the Hudson River Estuary” a Riverkeeper report

“Swimmable River: Towards Better Water Quality Monitoring in the Hudson River Estuary” a Riverkeeper report

Waterborne Illnesses caused by exposure to sewage

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Swimming in the Hudson River Estuary Feasibility Report on Potential Sites

Interstate Environmental Commission, 2007 Annual Report

EPA Permitted CSOs

NYCDEP New York Harbor Water Quality Reports

Hudson River Environmental Conditions Observatory System (HRECOS)

For a comprehensive analysis of contamination in New York Harbor, see Steinberg, N. D.J. Suszkowski, L. Clark and J. Way, Health of the Harbor:

The First Comprehensive Look at the State of the NY/NJ Harbor Estuary, A Report to the NY/NJ Estuary Program (Hudson River Foundation 2004)

New York City Department of Environmental Protection, 2006 New York Harbor Water Quality Report

For a comprehensive discussion of the public health risks associated with recreating in waters polluted by raw sewage, see Dorfman, M., Swimming in Sewage:

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Swimming in the Hudson River Estuary Feasibility Report on Potential Sites

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Public Health Engineering, Beach Surveillance and Monitoring Program Summary).

Dorfman, M. and Nancy Stoner, Testing the Waters: A Guide to Water Quality at Vacation Beaches (NRDC 2007) (2004)

New Yorkers For Parks, Raising the Tide: Strategies for New York Beaches (2007)

United States Environmental Protection Agency, BEACH Report: 2007 Swimming Season (2008)

Jin, G., A. Englande, H. Bradford, H. Jeng, Comparison of E. Coli, Enterococci, and Fecal Coliform as Indicators for Brackish Water Quality Assessment, Water Environment Research

United States Environmental Protection Agency, Implementation Guidance for Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Bacteria

U.S. EPA, Water Quality Standards for Coastal Recreation Waters: Using Single Sample Maximum Values in State Water Quality Standards

U.S. EPA, Combined Sewer Overflow, Guidance for Long-Term Control Plan

New York marine swimming beach monitoring

The Growing Problem of Sewage Pollution and How the Bush Administration is Putting Our Health and Environment at Risk (Natural Resources Defense Council and Environmental Integrity Project 2004).

American Society of Civil Engineers, 2005 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Wastewater Infrastructure Needs of New York State (2008)

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Public Health Engineering, Beach Surveillance and Monitoring Program Summary.
The 2007 Beach Surveillance and Monitoring Program Summary

United States Environmental Protection Agency, Report to Congress: Impacts and Control of CSOs and SSOs (2004), EPA 833-R-04-001, Appendix D: List of Active CSO Permits

Enterolert system

Food and Water Watch, The Case for a Clean Water Trust Fund (2007)

For more information on New York marine swimming beach monitoring see:

NYC Marine Beach Monitoring Data (Dept. of Mental Health and Hygiene)

Surf Rider the State of the Beach

Surf Rider New York Summary

NYSDEC Swimming Beach Report

Relevant Riverkeeper Campaigns
Traveling Exhibit
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A Hudson River Journey is a traveling exhibit produced by Riverkeeper in honor of the 400th anniversary of Henry Hudson's voyage to our shores.

About Us

Riverkeeper’s Mission -is to defend the Hudson River and its tributaries and protect the drinking water supply of nine million New York City and Hudson Valley residents.

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